It seems like every social studies teacher I talk to asks about reading and writing strategies. Everyone is freaking about Common Core ELA literacy skills for history / government. And I suppose that’s a good thing. Good social studies instruction should always include reading and writing activities.
But I believe that we sometimes over-think the whole process. Give kids engaging questions, provide some interesting evidence, and step out of the way. An easy way to focus on document analysis and support writing skills is something I call Graphic Notes. I posted this on History Tech several weeks ago but I like it so much, I decided to post here as well!)
A Graphic Note is a lot like a Thought Bubble but takes it a bit further. So you can use it as a hook activity or even as a type of assessment.
1. Start by finding a photo or painting depicting an event, idea or group of people that helps introduce your content. I call this photo the visual anchor – it’s the one piece of evidence that the instruction revolves around. In this example, I used a photo from Bloody Sunday in Selma, Alabama as my visual anchor.
Confrontation at the Pettus Bridge, Civil Rights Voting March in Selma, Alabama, March 7, 1962.
2. Begin the activity by asking kids to complete a simple sentence based on clues they find in the image:
This image shows . . .
3. Have students share their completed sentences with each other. Then, working in small groups, have them predict what they think will happen next. Share out whole group.
Your students will want to know the answer – what happened next?
4. Let them find out on their own. Have kids source the image by asking them to become 10 Minute Experts on Bloody Sunday. (Ten Minute Experts are kids who use print and online resources to quickly learn the basics of a specific topic. You can provide these resources or guide kids to find the resources themselves. They’re Ten Minute Experts cause, well . . . you spend just ten minutes doing it. And like it or not, Wikipedia should be part of the ten minutes.)
5. Using photo editing software such as Comic Life or a mobile app like Explain Everything or Notability, students add speech and thought bubbles to a variety of the people in the painting. The text in the bubbles should highlight factual as well as inferred information.
I used Keynote and then simply took a screenshot of the finished image. Depending on your image, you could add bubbles to all of sorts of things including animals and objects.
6. The final step should be to have students use the different thoughts and sayings suggested to write a brief story or account of the event depicted in the image. You might also require students to complete the sentence:
A connection between then and now would be . . .